PHYSICAL FITNESS LEVELS AMONG MACEDONIAN ADOLESCENTS RESIDING WITHIN THE SKOPJE LOCAL MUNICIPALITY

Vujica Živković, Goran Ajdinski, Lence A. Velickovska, Seryozha Gontarev

Purpose of the research is to determine the level of fitness in relation to the age and gender of Macedonian adolescents. Methods: The research is conducted on a sample of 1892 adolescents at the age between 11 and 14 years old, from Macedonian ethnicity and urban origin. The sample was divided into four groups, according to chronological age and each age group was divided in two subgroups according to the criteria of gender. Flexibility, muscular fitness, velocity/agility and cardiorespiratory capacity is estimated by six tests such as: sit and reach, long jump from spot, hang grip, sit - ups/30 sec, bent arm hang, shuttle running 4 x 10 and three minutes step test. The results are processed with appropriate statistical parametric methods. Results: On the basis of the gender and age with application of LMS statistical method, the normative values for the physical fitness among Macedonian adolescents were determined and they are given in a table in percentile values from 5 to 95, as well as graphical in the smoothed percentile curves (P5, P25, P50, P75, P95). In all tests for evaluation of physical fitness, the boys achieved better results, except in the test “Sit and reach”. The trend of physical fitness increases with the age, especially among boys, whereas the physical fitness among girls is more stabile across ages. The prevelency of health cardiorespiratoral profile is 61,8% among boys and 70,8% among girls. Conclusions: The normative referential values will provide correct evaluation and interpretation of the level of fitness among Macedonian adolescents in connection with the age and gender, precise detection of the individual progress among the individuals as well as undertaking proper preventive measurements and levels of intervention.

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