MORPHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN FROM 5TH TO 8TH GRADE AT THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

Renata Pavić

Growth is the multiplying of cells in any sort of dimension, it is most simply characterised by the increase of body mass and height, by the change of constitution, proportions, body structure and different systems. The phenomenon of the body mass and height increase in today’s children and adolescents and their sooner maturity compared to the previous generations of the same age is called secular trend or the biological acceleration phenomenon, and it may be explained by changes in the living conditions and diet (as an improvement). By a transversal method, we measured 1020 respondents, pupils from 5th to the 8th grade at the elementary schools in Split, all together aged between 11 and 14. This research has the purpose of determining quantitative changes of the morphological development with regard to the sex. Based on the obtained research results we may draw a conclusion that morphological development is faster and sooner in girls compared to boys and that puberty swing starts at the age of twelve in girls (6th grade) and at the age of thirteen in boys (7th grade).

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