THE CONCEPT OF INTERACTIVE MODELS IN UNIVERSITY TEACHING

Elizabeta Tomevska-Ilievska, Tatjana Stojanoska Ivanova, Lenche Aleksovska-Velichkovska

The issue of improving the quality of the teaching in higher education presents an open and contemporary problem, which can and should be studied from several scientific aspects. With the introduction of the credit transfer system in higher education in the Republic of Macedonia, which entails a higher level of students' participation in the realization of the teaching, constant monitoring and a contemporary means of evaluation, the efficiency and quality of the teaching have significantly improved, but it seems that the process of realization still comes second, at least from the aspect of its interest to be improved.The subject of this research is designing interactive models for learning in the academic teaching as well as developing didactic competences for future teachers.Studying the problem is done by action research of a participative, interpretative and descriptive character. The essence of such a way of research is that it consists of a sequence of action steps, with the help of which action is immediately put into practice, and simultaneous monitoring of the action itself (participation), the activities of the subjects included in the process, as well as revision in stages after each action, ending in the final reconstruction, is being done. The relevant data in the research are received through formative and summative examination of the views and opinions of the students regarding the interactive models of realization of the teaching, and through examining the abilities and skills of the students regarding the application of interactive models in practical teaching.The conclusions point to the need for increased participation of the separate didactics in the study programs, as the most applicable subject programs that are mostly connected to the students' practical work. From the received results of the research, it can be stated that the students' views regarding the interactive work are visibly positive, since the teaching is dynamic and interesting, while the acquired knowledge and developed skills complement the development of their competences for practical work.Due to the universality of the basic didactic concept, which is applied in this research, one of its main aims is for them to become generators, i.e. original examples (samples) for support of the interaction in higher education when developing a variety of profiles. It firstly refers to the category of students who in the future will choose to work as teachers in different levels of education.

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