IMPACT OF CORRECTIVE EXERCISES SETS DURING PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS CLASSES ON THE SPINE STABILITY OF 11-12-YEAR-OLD PUPILS

Stefaniya Belomazheva-Dimitova

Problem statement: The spinal column is an important link in the kinematic chain of the human body. It allows stability in maintaining the standing position of the body, as well as mobility, to move the body into the environment. Very often children worsen their body posture in school age and some get vertebral deformities. Spinal deformities lead first to back pain, poor self-esteem, and in advanced stage to many complications for internal organs. The counteraction of spinal deformities and the poor posture of the body is a serious challenge for the teacher of Physical education and sport.Purpose: To follow the impact of sets of corrective exercises in Physical education and sports classes on the spine of 11-12 year old pupils.Methods: Within the period of nine months corrective gymnastics were applied to the pupils in classes of Physical education and sport at school. The pupils were examined at the beginning and at the end of school year (September 2017– May 2018). During that period of time the functional condition of 16 pupils was monitored. Data of anthropometric indicators, static and dynamic strength of abdominal and dorsal muscles and degree of mobility of the spine was collected.Results: After the end of experiment it was found out that the implementation of sets of corrective exercises in Physical education and sports classes improves the static and dynamic muscular strength of abdominal and dorsal muscles and does not increase the flexibility of the spine, which is of particular importance for maintaining the spine in standing position and works against spinal deformities.Discussion: The obtained results confirmed the effectiveness of the sets of corrective exercises.Conclusions: It is important to include corrective exercises in Physical education and sports classes at school for better spine stability and for prevention of spinal deformities.

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