DIFFERENCES IN THE POSTURAL STATUS BETWEEN BOYS AND GIRLS AGED 11 TO 13 YEARS OF AGE

Tarik Huremović, Melika Muratović

The study was conducted on a sample of 90 students of both genders, 11 to 13 years old. The participants were students from primary school “Tušanj” and “Brčanska Malta” located in Tuzla. The aim of the study is to determine postural differences between boys and girls, aged 11 to 13. The postural status was evaluated using 12 variables which reflected on the position of head, shoulders, hips, pelvis (frontal and lateral position) as well as neck pressure, the center of the body mass, Q angle of knees, loss of height from measured stature and posture number. For the purposes of the research, Posture Pro V software was used, whereas anatomical determinants of the body were selected bilaterally (head, torso, legs/hips, knees and ankles) through frontal plane (frontal position) and sagittal plane (lateral position). To determine the difference between boys and girls, aged 11 to 13, the Independent Samples t-Test was used. Given results indicate that boys had better postural status in comparison with girls. Poor posture could be explained by the fact that girls begin puberty earlier than boys. It led to rapid height growth, when the muscular system is not developed enough to maintain a proper function/coordination between body segments. Also, it could be stated that disproportion between phase of the growth spurt, skeletal development and insufficient body activity could be a reason for poor posture girls have in comparison with boys, aged 11 to 13.

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