BALANCE AND ORIENTATION OF HEARING IMPAIRED CHILDREN

Jasmina Kovačević, Zora Jachova,

The vestibular apparatus is the most important part of the physiological system in the creation of motor response that is essential for daily functioning in the conditions of everyday movement through space. Physiology of balance is a process that is based on a scheme of mutual collaboration of multiple systems, organs, and even their individual parts. Their interweaving feedback mechanisms may be lost or damaged in one or more components of injury, illness, or other factors. Interruption of vestibular function usually leads to temporary, but persistent symptoms, which are often accompanied by a variety of symptoms such as dizziness, vision problems, nausea, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating. Incorrect information may also cause disturbances in the whole system. It is known that the vestibular nerve after leaving the labyrinth alone exceeds the lower part of the road, and then connects with the auditory nerve, and together they go to the cortex. These nerves are separated after two thirds of the common path. The vestibular nerve enters in the medulla oblongata and the vestibular nucleus and the cochlear nerve in the center of hearing in the cerebral cortex. The balance and coordination of every individual is substantially determined of these two-thirds of the common views of the eighth cranial nerve. People with hearing impairments lack adequate sound stimuli and vestibular stimulation, which leads to awkwardness in coordination and balance disorders. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to point at the difficulties that children with hearing impairments face in terms of balance and orientation in the space. It will present the analysis of research on the effect of hearing impairment in younger school age children on the static and dynamic balance, as well as research relating to problems of coordination of movement with the recommendations and models to overcome the secondary consequences caused by primary damage.

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