RELATIONS BETWEEN LEISURE TIME, THE FREQUENCY OF DOING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND MEMBERSHIP IN SPORTS CLUBS AMONG PUPILS

Nevenka Maras, Mirjana Marinčević, Petra Mandić Jelaska

The aim of this research was to analyse the relations between the amount of leisure time and membership in sports clubs among elementary school pupils, focusing on gender differentiation. The sample included a total of 157 students (78 boys). By testing significance of differences between proportions of the students who self-reportedly have free time and are members of sports clubs (p1=0,64) and the ones who self-reportedly do not have leisure time and are members of sports clubs (p2=0,26), a statistically significant difference was determined (p<0,001). Moreover, by testing significance of differences between proportions of the female students who self-reportedly have leisure time and are members of sports clubs (p1=0,33) and the ones who self-reportedly do not have free time and are members of sports clubs (p2=0,67), a statistically significant difference was determined as well (p<0,001). The results show gender differentiation as well, where boys who have more free time are more likely to become members of sports clubs, while the situation with girls is reversed. Taking into consideration the significance of physical activity, especially during puberty, which is a critical period of habit formation, results clearly indicate that membership in sports clubs is a predictor of the development of a variety of child development areas. These results are in accordance with a series of timely and adequate actions aimed at creating and maintenance of desirable habits, and preventing the negative consequences of the lack of physical activity.

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