DIFFERENCES BETWEEN VARIOUS HOUSEHOLD INCOME BACKGROUNDS IN RELATION TO OBJECTIVELY MEASURED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN CZECH ELEMENTARY SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN

Damir Bešić & Vlado Balaban

Despite of having a lot of evidence how socioeconomic status (SES) in many ways influences a child’s quality of life, there is still insufficient information about how SES impacts child’s daily physical activity (PA). Objective: This study examined differences between various household income (low, middle and high) in relation to time spent in different levels of PA and step counts in Czech elementary school children. Method: Ninety children aged 9-11 participated in this study. They were divided into three SES groups on the base of monthly household income. Child’s PA was measured for four consecutive days including one weekend day. Physical activity was measured using ActiGraph models GT3X and GT3X+. Differences between the groups were tested using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Body mass index (BMI) was considered as a covariate. Results: Children from high-SES group spent significantly more time (p = .04) in vigorous physical activity (VPA) and took fewer steps per day (p = .02) than their counterparts from low-SES group. There were no differences across groups in relation to time spent in light physical activity (LPA) and moderate physical activity (MPA) as well. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate the need for the promotion of VPA in children from families with low SES

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