EFFECTS OF ANTROPOLOGICAL STATUS ON SUCCESS IN ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS

Ivana Kvasina, Tina Erceg, Sunčica Delaš-Kalinski

In artistic gymnastics selection, specialization and training process begins earlier than in other sports disciplines, usually around the age of 5. Selection is important process of recognizing young talents, based on their anthropological status, which makes children from average to top athletes. To be able to follow advanced gymnastic programs and elements, it is necessary to have well-developed basic motor abilities. The main aim of the current study was to determine the effects of anthropological status on success in artistic gymnastics, to see are there any differences between higher and lower ranked gymnasts. 26 young gymnast participated (girls, mean age 7±1). Seven basic motor skills tests (each area individually) were predictors of success on bar routine, assessed by 3 independent judges, following the rules of National Code of Points for that age. Based on scores, young gymnasts were divided into 2 groups: higher and lower ranked. Significant difference occurred only in 2 out of 7 tests: polygon backward and flexed chin-up endurance test, based on the results of analysis of variance. The participants demonstrated the highest level of basic motor skills in test long jump. On the other hand, polygon backward was the most difficult task for the children in general. Results of regression analyses showed significant influence of basic motor abilities on bar routine of young gymnasts, especially flexed chin-up endurance test. This research showed that the young gymnasts in this age should improve their static strength (power) in order to be more successful in bar routine.

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