PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND SEDENTARY HABITS AMONG MACEDONIAN ADOLESCENTS FROM ALBANIAN ETHNIC COMMUNITY

Ruzdija Kalac, Seryozha Gontarev, Lenče A. Veličkovska, Ivan Anastasovski and Agim Redjepi

The human body is designed to move and that is why it needs regular physical activity in order to function optimally to preserve health and to improve quality of life. Many researches show that sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor for the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases which are the main cause of increased mortality in western world.A sample of 886 respondents at the age of 11 to 14 years divided into two subsampels - 427 male and 441 female have realized the basic research to determine the condition and gender differences in physical activity and sedentary habits among Macedonian adolescents from Albanian ethnic community. The physical activity is assessed by using the Physical Activity Questionnaire, while the sedentary habits by using a standardized quastionnarie. The obtained information were processed by analysis of frequency (F), percent (%), and to determine whether there are statistically significant differences in physical activity and sedentary habits among male and female students the χ2 test has been applied. On the basis of the obtained results it can be concluded that boys unlike girls spend more time in physical activity (χ2 = 12,753; p > ,000) and work on the computer (χ2 = 12,753; p > ,000), while the girls spend more time watching TV (χ2 = 11,797; p > ,003) . The results further indicate that a large percentage of students of both genders from middle school age do not know or do not know properly to swim. Тhis research does not confirm the statistically significant association between sedentary habits and physicl activity. The results from the research indicate the importance of preparing the national plan and program to promote the physical activity in order to help young people to change unhealthy lifestyle habits and increase physical activity, and thus improve their health.

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