DIFFERENCES IN BODY POSTURE AND BALANCE IN CHILDREN OF CLASSROOM TEACHING ATTENDING AND NOT ATTENDING EXTENDED STAY

Mirela Milardović, Jelena Paušić, Biljana Kuzmanić

Proper postural child development depends on good structural and functional development of the body. Children have already affected their development and their posture in a negative way by reducing their movements and by increasing their weight at the same time. When observing the sagittal posture, the gravity line passes through these points: mid skull, mid shoulder, hip, knee, and slightly in front of the malleolus lateralis.The main objective of this paper is to determine the differences in indicators of posture in children attending extended and those children who do not attend an extended stay. The sample in this study included the students from 1st to 3rd grade of elementary school with a total number of 134. Subsamples of respondents are arranged within the first, second and third grade and subsamples of children attending an extended stay and those who do not attend it. Four variables were taken to determine the postural stability: anterior or posterior tilt of the body in relation to the gravity line, percentage of CG distributed anteriorly and posteriorly to the point of the projection of the center of the body on the surface of the palm of respondents and distance travelled point of the projection of the center of the body in the area of support expressed in millimeters. Measuring of the indicators of posture were exercised by one surveyor who set markers at specific points of the body in the sagittal examination, another surveyor carried out the shooting, and the third one did the analysis on the force platform recording within 3 seconds by setting a foot parallel to the platform in a calm and relaxed attitude. Based on the results the main hypothesis was confirmed: subsamples of respondents (children attending and those not attending extended stay) were significantly different in all postural parameters.

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