DIFFERENCES IN SOME MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS BETWEEN STUDENTS OF FACULTY OF ECONOMICS AND FACULTY OF KINESIOLOGY IN SPLIT

Melis Mladineo Brničević, Daša Duplančić, Josefina Jukić

The aim of this research was to evaluate the morphological characteristics of female students of Faculty of Kinesiology, and to ascertain possible differences between the mentioned population of students and the students of other study groups, in the area of morphological characteristics.With this aim, a group of 20 morphological measures was applied on the sample of 115 female students of first and second year of Faculty of Economics at the University of Split, and the mentioned measures were used to determine the somatotype, according to the Heath-Carter method, while the body mass index and subcutaneous fat tissue percentage were calculated as well. The factor analysis of morphological variables isolated four latent dimensions, in both groups of examinees likewise. The results of variance analysis and discriminant analysis showed that the students of Faculty of Kinesiology had lower amount of subcutaneous fat tissue, expressed in percentage (%), especially in the area of lower leg, thigh and upper arm. Also, the students of Faculty of Kinesiology differed from the students of Faculty of Economics in higher voluminosity values (thigh, lower leg and upper arm volume). According to the body type (somatotype), the endomorph component was more expressed in the students of Faculty of Economics, in relation to mesomorph component, compared to the students of Faculty of Kinesiology. Based on the obtained results, it is possible to conclude that the bodily activity during college significantly influences the morphological characteristics of students who study at the Faculty of Kinesiology, while the bodily inactivity, especially sedentary lifestyle favor the occurrence of increased values of subcutaneous fat tissue and the decrease of muscle mass.

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