MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNGER SCHOOL AGE GIRLS DEFFERENT PHISICAL INVOLVEMENT

Boris Popović, Dejan Madić, Aleksandra Spasić, Danilo Radanović, Valdemar Štajer, Aleksandra Aleksić-Veljković

Physical activity is of essential value for healthy and balanced developments of children and young adolescents. Regular exercise brings many benefits for physical and mental health, as well as social functioning of children. The problem of this research was examining the effects of different models of physical exercise on changes in the morphological status on young girls. The goal of the paper was to determine the morphological characteristics of girls engaged in modern dance, as well as developmental gymnastics, for at least a whole year in continuity, and compare them to the morphological characteristics of girls the same age who have never been engaged in any organized physical activity. For the realization of this goal, we have used a battery with eight anthropometric gauges which estimate the voluminosity and body mass as well as subcutaneous adipose tissue of the subjects, as the use of means of physical activity can alter these characteristics most effectively. The results of the research show a substantial statistical difference between subjects of all age categories, and in favor of the girls engaged in developmental gymnastics and modern dance. The difference reflects in a morphological status of better quality, defined by less volume, body mass and less subcutaneous adipose tissue, which leads to the conclusion that engagement in developmental gymnastics and modern dance is very desirable and advisable for proper growth and development of young girls, especially in this very receptive stage.

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