DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PHYSICAL FITNESS PROFILES OF MACEDONIAN ADOLESCENT IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS IN STRUMICA, REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

Seryozha Gontarev, Vujica Živković, Ruzdija Kalac

Anthropological characteristics of the children have often been subject of researching in the kinesiology, but still there is a small number of researches that studied the influence of the residential status among the physical fitness and anthropometrical characteristics, especially in our state. The theoretical and empirical research was conducted on a sample of 2199 participants, drawn from 9 primary schools from the Municipality of Strumica, Republic of Macedonia, from which 5 are situated in rural and 4 in urban environment. The differences in the variables between the participants with various residential statuses are analyzed with multivariate and univariate analysis of variant (MANOVA and ANOVA). The results point out that boys from middle school age who are studying in rural areas have lower average values of the systolic pressure, lower height, lower weight, lower body fat, body mass index and they show better results in endurance in pull-ups, pin running 4x10 meters and three minute step test. Boys from the middle school age who are studying in rural areas show better results in the tests: flamingo, tapping with hand and raising the trunk in 30 seconds. Girls from the middle school age who are studying in rural areas have higher average values of the systolic pressure, lower height, lower body fat and show better results in fitness tests: flamingo, tapping with hand and raising the trunk in 30 seconds. On the basis of the achieved results it could be assumed that the environmental factors in different environments contribute to differences in the anthropological characteristics of the participants.

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