SPORTS RELATED ZYGOMATIC BONE FRACTURES: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Alberto Benedetti & Aleksandar Stamatoski

The aim of the study was to assess the incidence, etiology and spectrum of zygomatic bone injuries sustained during sports treated at the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, using the retrospective database between 2002 and 2012, as well as to suggest protective measures. The ratio of males (95%) to females ( 5%) was 19:1.The highest incidence was at age between 11-30 years. The study indicated that 50% (n=10) resulted from football injuries followed by basketball (n=7; 35%).Most common anatomical region of zygomatic bone fracture during sports injuries was in the orbital rim (40%) and zygomatico-frontal suture (33.33%).The most common characteristic of zygomatic fractures in this study was pain (n=14), hematoma (n=10), asymmetry (n=8) and edema (n=7). Forty five percent (45%; n=9) of patients were treated with closed reduction and 30% (n=6) with conservative methods. However, we have addressed the prevalence, distribution, and pattern of trauma to the zygomatic region from various sports injuries.

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